Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS <p><strong>JAARS</strong> is a semi-annual <em><strong>double-blind peer-reviewed</strong></em> scientific journal published by the Faculty of Fine Arts Cairo – Helwan University. It accepts for publication both languages: Arabic and English</p> <p>Online (<strong>ISSN 2535 - 2369</strong>) - Print (<strong>ISSN 2535-1508</strong>)</p> <p><span class="oi732d6d ik7dh3pa d2edcug0 qv66sw1b c1et5uql a8c37x1j muag1w35 ew0dbk1b jq4qci2q a3bd9o3v knj5qynh oo9gr5id hzawbc8m" dir="auto"><strong><a title="Registration Process Guiding Movie in Arabic Language" href="">Registration Process Guiding Movie in the Arabic Language</a></strong> - <strong><a title="Paper Submission Guiding Movie in the Arabic Language" href="">Paper Submission Guiding Movie in the Arabic Language</a><br /><br />Volume 1 Issue 2 : <span class="type">DOI: <span class="id"><a href=""> </a></span></span><span class="id"><br /></span></strong></span><span class="oi732d6d ik7dh3pa d2edcug0 qv66sw1b c1et5uql a8c37x1j muag1w35 ew0dbk1b jq4qci2q a3bd9o3v knj5qynh oo9gr5id hzawbc8m" dir="auto"><strong>Volume 1 Issue 1 : <span class="type">DOI: </span> <span class="id"> <a href=""> </a></span><br /></strong></span></p> en-US (Prof. Dr. Aleya Abdel-Hadi) (Exp. Moukid Badie) Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 The Asam church ceiling of St.Nepomuk in Munich, Germany. <p>The Asam Church of St.Nepomuk in Munich is considered one of the most special private churches that was built in Germany in the eighteenth century by the Asam Brothers.The house of &nbsp;Egid Asam overlooks the High Alter of the church that its ceiling was designed and painted by his brother Cosmas Asam that studied previously in the Academy of San Luca in Rome in 1735 for two years. Cosmas Asam excelled in the execution and the design of&nbsp; the &nbsp;ceiling that depicts the life of Saint Nepomuk in thirteen scenes in a form of series in one framework. Saint Nepomuk was drowned in the river by an order from the king of Bohemia Wenceslas in the fourteenth century because he refused to divulge the secret of the confessional of the king’s wife Sophie.</p> سارة التونسي Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 THE ARTISTIC AND HISTORICAL REFERENCES OF THE EUROPEAN STYLE SCULPTURES AT BARON EMPAIN PALACE IN CAIRO: COMPARATIVE AND HISTORICAL FIELD STUDY <p><em>This study authenticates both the artistic and historical references of the European style statues at Baron Empain Palace, Cairo, </em><em>and that are deferent in </em><em>their style and materials from other palace’s sculptures of Asian style. The motive to conduct this study was the lack of art and historical references of theses statues; there is no mention of them in any published resources –electronic or printed- on Baron Palace and its contents, neither in Arabic nor in other languages. This study is restricted to the mentioned sculptures. It didn’t touch upon the Asian style sculptures. The research depends on materials collected from the field. It also relied on some of the historical method and comparative studies techniques. The study resulted in determining definitively the historical and artistic references of these statues. Three recommendations of the conclusion were presented, aiming at the touristic and heritage role of the palace.</em></p> Yasser Mongy Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 THE USE OF FLAT ILLUSTRATIONS IN WEBSITES AND SMART PHONES APPLICATIONS’ USER INTERFACE (UI) DESIGN <p class="Resourceedings-Abstractbody">Smartphones and computers are the most usable communicative tools in modern times. This urged the need to develop softwares, webpages and mobile applications that work as a mediator between users and devices. This is in addition to user interfaces (UI) that need to be designed to help users while using these websites and mobile applications. In this paper, the researcher reviews the Flat design style and its use in UI design. Then, she studies Flat illustrations that are added to user interfaces to help users imagine things better, enhance the brand identity of the UI and make texts and interactions easier to understand. The researcher then reviewed samples of Flat illustrations done for universal user interfaces. Finally, she made a practical study where she examined the importance of using Flat illustrations in mobile app’s UI. Through which she could reach to her final results and conclusions via analysis of outputs..</p> Hanan Fouad Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 THE EFFECT OF IDENTITY AND VISUAL CULTURE ON ILLUSTRATIONS <p>Cultural heritage is an expression of the ways of living developed by society and transmitted from generation to generation, which include places, objects, customs, practices, expressions, artistic values, as well as a legacy of material artifacts, and the intangible qualities of a group or society inherited from the Previous generations. Its respect leads directly to intercultural dialogue, and although the concept of intangible cultural heritage has become a very vital concept that overlaps with the studies of civilizational stampede and the repository of identity of each country, it can contribute to the building of and change the stereotype of the Arab and African society, as it supports the idea of accepting the other and diversity, and pushes the idea of extremism, so the search for elements of the intangible cultural heritage shared in the Arab and elements of the intangible cultural heritage with Africans this strengthens Egypt's Arab and African role, so it has the leadership in adopting this, as it is a golden opportunity for Egypt's return to African sovereignty.</p> <p>the first steps to hit the strategic depth of any country, its entrance is identity, which lies in the language that carries their heritage and customs, ideas and beliefs. Language can transmit different civilizations and cultures and through the translation of&nbsp; foreign books we can get acquainted with the civilizations and events of different countries , We can build nations and preserve their identity by understanding different heritage and identities and if we understand the past we can rise to the future.</p> <p>In an extension of this, we find that the concept of visual culture, which is based on several tributaries and roots as a set of ideas borrowed from philosophy, art, linguistics and the theory of the mental image, all these areas have contributed in one way or another to the development of the concept of visual culture.</p> <p>Art is a permanent interaction between technical creativity, the selected rawness and the way to deal with it are two basic processes to obtain the desired results, and printing has been used for a long time in illustrations and the production of copies of the works of artists before the invention of photography in the nineteenth century, which is a critical period in the history of printing despite the most important until the end of the century.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Eman El-Tokhy Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 PROBLEMATICS OF "RETRO" STYLE AND IDENTITY IN CONTEMPORARY IMAGE AND ILLUSTRATION <p>The research deals with the concept of (<strong>Retro</strong>) style in graphic design, especially in contemporary image and illustration. And that is after the success of this style in achieving popularity in the pictograms in publications on a large scale of all kinds and techniques. In this presented research we focus on this “reactionary” trend in art as a special intellectual and artistic style that relied heavily on the concept of&nbsp; (<strong>Nostalgia</strong>) for the past, and the possibility of benefiting from that new trend to revive the artistic and visual identity of the culture of each society and choose “<strong>Egypt</strong>” as a model, as a broader and comprehensive vision than its current marketing and commercial goal, and because it has already surpassed that stage and demonstrated the effectiveness of playing on the sensitive chord related to linking the past with the present, and its success greatly in the (Retro marketing) process. </p> Eman Osama Mohamed Salem Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 SHAPING THE FUTURE OF RESEARCH IN ART, ARCHITECTURE, AND SPATIAL DESIGN FIELDS <p><em>The purpose of this invited editorial article is to contribute an inclusive insight into some of key aspects of arts-based research and methodological approaches in architectural and spatial design research. Following ontological and epistemological interpretations, the article is conceptual and involves critical analysis which is based on reviewing and categorizing classical literature while highlighting substantial number of contributions in relevant research developed over the past five decades. Premised on three philosophical positions—positivism, anti-positivism, and emancipationist— a discussion on arts-based research as a form of qualitative inquiry and the associated trilogy of art, craft, and knowledge making was instigated. Six frames of reference were identified: systematic, computational, managerial, psychological, person-environment type-a and person-environment type-b. Technically oriented research (TOR) and conceptually driven research (CDR) were categorized as perspectives of inquiry and were scrutinized together with their developmental aspects. Whilst the article is a brief reflection on some of the key contributions in this edition of JAARS, it captures an understanding of arts-based research, architectural and spatial design research, and their essential qualities. and can be viewed as an enabling mechanism by which researchers can identify the unique particularities of their research and the way in which it is pursued.</em></p> Ashraf Salama Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 GRAPHIC ART .. FROM “KAMAL AMEEN” TO DIGITAL..! <p><em>The artist "Kamal Amin" played a pivotal role in the field of the Egyptian graphic movement, through his quest and his tireless experiments in search of all new in this field, which realized the extent of its expansion in many fields ... Looking forward to digitization! Forty years ago, since he left our world, nicknamed the digital world based on communication technology.</em></p> <p><em>This spirit of art is steeped in its Egyptian identity and is seeking all the new... It had a great impact in the development of the scientific curriculum of Graphic art at the Faculty of Fine Arts, where he worked as a professor of art.</em></p> <p><em>Just as Kamal Amin produced numerous works of art in the field of engraving and printing, he produced numerous works in the field of visual communication, including press drawings, illustrations, and book covers, all characterized by expressive experimentation, and many national contributions such as the design and implementation of the façade of Luxor train station and Beni- Suef station.</em></p> <p><em>Undoubtedly, if Kamal Amin had been in this world, he would have been the first developer son of communication and digitization.</em></p> Hazem Fathallah Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 IMPLEMENTING SUSTAINABILITY IN HISTORICAL BUILDING AS A WAY OF REUSING <p><em>Each country known by its architectural identity, so it is scary when this identity is vanished, destroyed, reused in a bad way, or abandoned with no use. Egypt faces a great problem in reusing Historical buildings in an effective way; it is reused by wrong functions that destroyed it. This paper aims to implement sustainability in our Historical buildings, to cope with our requirements to be healthy buildings, preserving its aesthetic value, as well as being a flag for showing the Egyptian sustainable identity. Regarding to the crisis of covid-19, the paper goal is to apply sustainable retrofit for Historical buildings, using passive solar energy by using the double height ceiling, long windows, and wind capture, to ventilate the building without using AC. The simulation use the design builder as a software, for producing a methodology to implement sustainability in our Historical buildings. </em></p> Engy Al - Ashqar, Nisreen Abdeen, Shereen Khashaba Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The role of the Harlem Renaissance Group in the American plastic movement Yusif Mekawy Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 THE USE OF HISTORICAL ARCHITECTURE IN INTERACTIVE PERFORMANCES USING THE 3D PROJECTION MAPPING <p><em>The research revolves around the digital revolution and its use in presentations through 3D projection of architectural objects and buildings with pre-defined dimensions using optical projection devices, and optical and sound artistic effects are added to interact with the model and give it a special advantage, Aesthetic and turn it into an interactive stereoscopic</em><em>.</em></p> <p><em>The research determines the three-dimensional projection planning technique and how to implement it and apply it to archaeological sites, and monitors some of the shows that are held with this technology, which provided the opportunity to hold huge shows in the open air, which increases the demand for these places, as it can combine two features: attractions and the establishment of artistic shows Interactive with a distinctive visual vision. In addition to increasing other activities that can be combined and overlapped with shows, such as shopping, tourism and competitions.</em></p> radwa Elashmawy Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 THE SYMBOL IN EGYPTIAN ARTIST DRAWING “EL SAYED EL AMMASH” <p><em>Drawings are considered the first forms of composition. This research deals with drawing and symbolism, then talk about the Egyptian artist "EL Sayed El Ammash", whose experience contained symbols that led to the identification of research problems in the library's scarcity of research and specialized studies related to with distinguished Egyptian painters, the research objectives are determined on the art of Egyptian painting and vision .So we conclude that the art of drawing is a base for all arts. The researcher has chosen a distinct model of an Egyptian painter for his uniqueness in drawing and symbols. Egypt is one of those countries in which a number of artists who have mastered the skill of drawing have emerged, and we find that by looking at the Egyptian character in drawing there is a dimension closer to identity that makes it unique in its value</em></p> Jailane Hussein Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 THE EFFECTIVE ROLE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN DEVELOPING BASIC EDUCATION FACILITIES IN EGYPT <p>Building societies is based on education in all its forms, stages and effectiveness in the behaviors and lives of individuals, and to complete role of both basic education stage and role of sustainable development processes requires the preparation of the educational environment to achieve their respective goals. So, we need to be had a sustainable school building.</p> <p>Therefore, the research aims to promote the idea of a sustainable school by identifying the main terms related to education projects for sustainable development, and these are one of the most important factors for success of preparing the sustainable school, finally reach a set of criteria and standards to evaluated the sustainable school, and a set of evaluation results of some study cases and comparison them to checked with sustainable environmental assessment standards. This allows for the formulation of design and planning guidelines, which supports and promotes the idea of a sustainable school.</p> Mohamed Mohamed Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 BUILDINGS DESIGN INTEGRATION WITH GEOTHERMAL ENERGY SYSTEM TECHNOLOGIES AND AIR CONDITIONING APPLICATIONS <p>Nowadays global warming and thermal islands in modern cities are spending much energy on heating and cooling spaces. Geothermal energy considered a renewable energy technology for space heating and cooling. The ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) are increasingly interested in their expressive potential to reduce fossil fuel consumption and hence reduce greenhouse gases. Geothermal energy used for both electricity generation and direct use, depending on the temperature and the chemistry of the resources. Recently, direct utilization has varied significantly, and there are several methods available for temperatures typically ranging from 4°C up to 80°C. (Lund J.W., 2012). This paper presents a comprehensive literature-based review of ground source heat pump technology, cooling, and heating applications buildings to achieve precisely human thermal comfort. Subsequently, propose the influence factors of the system components that would undoubtedly reflect on the optimal design of the building. As a result, achieve precisely an integrated building.</p> Abeer Osama Radwan Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring Andragogic Strategies in an Interior Architecture Studio <p><em>New design andragogical strategies require different interior architecture designs to accommodate a new educational delivery. Hence, learning settings are decreasingly formal timetabled classroom-based and increasingly collaborative and socially peer to peer oriented. The literature review reveals that the most recent comprehensive andragogy is interactive collaborative learning that can be achieved by live projects and vertical studios in interior architecture and across disciplines. The method of research is an exploratory comparative case study in the form of a one-day five hours workshop with aim to assess the outcome of two interior architecture vertical studios in different educational settings (physical and virtual). Analysis of outcome is based on behavior mapping of the students at work, and a qualitative description of their selected setting layout and their opinion on the workshop. In conclusion, a graphical model illustrates the idea that together, andragogical strategies, collaborative activities and supportive educational spaces optimize the educational process.</em></p> Aleya Abdel-Hadi, Heba Eissa, Ingy El Zeini Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 EVALUATING HYBRID LEARNING METHOD AS A FUTURISTIC APPROACH IN TEACHING DIFFERENT INTERIOR DESIGN UNIT COURSES <p>There is no doubt that Corona virus had an impact on all life aspects and despite it’s negative impact on some aspects&nbsp; , it still had some positive aspects as it paved the way to using new teaching methods in Egypt which can be the starting point in moving forward towards preparing universities for fourth generation technology&nbsp; &nbsp;and with the announcement of using the hybrid method by the minster of higher education , the&nbsp; paper importance in evaluating the new method is highlighted.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This research aims to find a clear&nbsp; understanding of hybrid method, how to apply it rightfully with in different interior design unit courses after evaluating it as a method&nbsp; within interior design major in particular (the main problem of this research), aiming to test if this method could be a permanent replacement for traditional teaching techniques&nbsp; as well.</p> ساره نبيه Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Design solutions for interior architecture post coronavirus <p>The beginning of 2020 the Coronavirus spread threatened the whole world. The world's population forced to stay at homes - quarantine - to limit the spread of the epidemic. All our daily life practice became from home, this affect the interior spaces in shape, function and its impact on human physiological health. The research discuss the design solutions according to the instructions of world health organization from the view of interior designers and support the state’s plan innovation and development in fourth generation cities.</p> <p>The priorities of the post-Coronavirus phase are to redesign environmental sustainable interior spaces for existing or new one. The research focus on the design solutions for the shared and public spaces, to get ready for the second wave of the epidemic and limiting its spread, by the usage of digital technologies that exploit our environmental resources and face the architectural design challenges in the future developments.</p> Noha Zaher Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 <p><em>Biomimicry is one of relatively contemporary concepts with tangible success. Scientific community has many of academic studies and practical application based on biomimicry with varying degrees of participation.</em><em> In spite of the limited usage of biomimicry</em> <em>by </em><em>architecture and interior architecture in comparison with </em><em>many other fields architecture</em> <em>and Interior architecture</em><em> have recognized features as the direct link with human, the powerful impact to</em><em> demonstrate messages from nature. this paper aims to make biomimicry concept more intelligible for Interior architecture interested parties, through exploring some essential points about how the biomimicry works. The research will include terminologies about biomimicry and some other related fields, concept of biomimicry, some expressive application in the field of </em><em>architecture and interior architecture, models of direct and indirect nature's inspiration, biomimicry between form and function, the relation between biomimicry and environmental compatibility and Protection, distinguish case.</em></p> Heba-Tallah Hamdy Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 FRAMEWORK TO ASSIST IN SELECTING HUMAN CENTRED DESIGN TOOLS AND METHODS <p>Human Centred Design is a significant approach in design. It increases the value of design as well as helping businesses to overcome the challenges of not meeting user needs. However, the abundance of Human Centred Design tools and the difficulty to discriminate between them have created the urge to develop selection framework for these tools in regard to the design process. In this paper, I present a framework to assist in selecting Human Centred Design tools. I highlight the significance of the Human Centred Design approach. I also explain the theoretical background behind creating the framework. Then I describe the participatory design workshop method I used to support and validate the results of the theoretical background in order to further develop the selection framework. This framework can be adopted in the design field in order to facilitate the process and to support practitioners’ decisions to select suitable tools.</p> Ammer Harb Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art & Architecture Research Studies - JAARS Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000